A new species of Anthophila Haworth, 1811 with variable male genitalia from the Canary Islands (Spain) (Lepidoptera: Choreutidae)





Lepidoptera, Choreutidae, Anthophila, new species, Canary Islands, Spain


We describe and illustrate Anthophila variabilis Falck, Karsholt & Rota, sp. n. (Choreutidae) from Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain). The new species is outstanding due to the variability of its male genitalia. It is closely related to A. fabriciana (Linnaeus, 1767), and more distantly related to Anthophila threnodes (Walsingham, 1910), which is endemic to Madeira. Based on the DNA barcode, the new species is molecularly very distinct from its closest relative, A. fabriciana, with a pairwise K2P distance of more than 6.5%. The previous record of A. fabriciana from the Canary Islands is based on misidentification, and the species should be removed from the list of Lepidoptera found in the Canary Islands.


Download data is not yet available.


BÁEZ, M. & MARTÍN, E., 2010.– Lepidoptera: 236-249.– In M. ARECHAVALETA, S. RODRÍGUEZ, N. ZURITA & A. GARCÍA (eds.). Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres) 2009: 577 pp. Gobierno de Canarias, La Laguna. Available from http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/medioambiente/ piac/descargas/Biodiversidad/Listas-Especies/Lista_Especies_Silvestres.pdf.

HEBERT, P. D. N., CYWINSKA, A., BALL, S. L. & DEWAARD, J. R., 2003.– Biological identifications through DNA barcodes.– Proceedings of the royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 270: 313-321. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2002.2218

MEYER, C. P. & PAULAY, G., 2005.– DNA barcoding: error rates based on comprehensive sampling.– PLoS Biology, 3(12): 2229-2238. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0030422

MUER, T., SAUERBIER, H. & CABRERA CALIXTO, F., 2016.– Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen der Kanarischen Inseln: 1310 pp. Margraf Publishers GmbH, Frankfurt am Main.

RATNASINGHAM, S. & HEBERT, P. D. N., 2013.– A DNA-based registry for all animal species: the barcode index number (BIN) system.– PLoS ONE 8(8): 1-16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066213

REBEL, H., 1911.– Sechster Beitrag zur Lepidopterenfauna der Kanaren.– Annalen des naturhistorischen Museums Wien, 24: 327-374, pl. 12.

ROTA, J., AGUIAR, A. M. F. & KARSHOLT, O., 2014.– Choreutidae of Madeira: review of the known species and description of the male of Anthophila threnodes (Walsingham, 1910) (Lepidoptera).– Nota lepidopterologica, 37: 91-103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/nl.37.7928

ROTA, J., PEÑA, C. & MILLER, S. E., 2016.– The importance of long-distance dispersal in small insects: historical

biogeography of metalmark moths (Lepidoptera, Choreutidae).– Journal of Biogeography, 43: 1254-1265.

STAMATAKIS, A., 2014.– RAxML version 8: a tool for phylogenetic analysis and post-analysis of large phylogenies.– Bioinformatics, 30: 1312-1313. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btu033

VIVES MORENO, A., 2014.– Catálogo sistemático y sinonímico de los Lepidoptera de la Península Ibérica, de Ceuta, de Melilla y de las islas Azores, Baleares, Canarias, Madeira y Salvajes (Insecta: Lepidoptera): 1184 pp. Suplemento de SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología, Improitalia, Madrid.

WALSINGHAM, L., 1908.– Microlepidoptera of Tenerife.– Proceedings of the zoological Society of London, 1907: 911-1034, pls 52-53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1907.tb06964.x

WALSINGHAM, L., 1910.– Madeiran Tineidae (Lepidoptera).– Entomologist’s monthly Magazine, 46: 257-259. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.25890



How to Cite

Falck, P., Karsholt, O., & Rota, J. (2020). A new species of Anthophila Haworth, 1811 with variable male genitalia from the Canary Islands (Spain) (Lepidoptera: Choreutidae). SHILAP Revista De lepidopterología, 48(192), 671–681. https://doi.org/10.57065/shilap.345




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>