SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología <p><strong>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</strong> is an international journal which has been published by the Sociedad Hispano-Luso-Americana de Lepidopterología since 1973. It includes empirical and theoretical research in all aspects of Lepidopterology (Systematic, Taxonomy, Phylogeny, Morphology, Bionomics, Ecology, Faunistics and Zoogeography, also bibliographical papers or those on the history of Lepidopterology, as well as book reviews on the topics mentioned) from all over the world with special emphasis of study of Conservation Biology.</p> SOCIEDAD HISPANO-LUSO-AMERICANA DE LEPIDOPTEROLOGIA en-US SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología 0300-5267 <p>The author retains his trademark and patent rights to any process or procedure within the article.</p> <p>The author retains the right to share, distribute, perform and publicly communicate the article published in <em>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</em>, with initial acknowledgement of its publication in <em>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</em>.</p> <p>The author retains the right to make a subsequent publication of his work, from using the article to publishing it in a book, provided that he indicates its initial publication in <em>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</em>.</p> <p>Each submission to <em>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</em> must be accompanied by an acceptance of copyright and acknowledgement of authorship. By accepting them, authors retain copyright of their work and agree that the article, if accepted for publication by <em>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</em>, will be licensed for use and distribution under a "<strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</strong>" (CC BY 4.0) licence that allows third parties to share and adapt the content for any purpose giving appropriate credit to the original work.</p> <p> You may read here the <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">basic information</a></strong> and the <strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legal text</a></strong> of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.</p> <p>As of <strong>2022</strong>, the content of the print and digital version is licensed under a "<strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</strong>" (CC BY 4.0), licence that allows third parties to share and adapt the content for any purpose giving appropriate credit to the original work.</p> <p>Previous content in the journal was published under a traditional copyright licence; however, the archive is available for free access.</p> <p>When using previously published content, including figures, tables or any other material in print or electronic format, authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder. Legal, financial and criminal liabilities in this respect belong to the author(s).</p> <p>In application of the <strong>Principle of Priority</strong> of the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>International Code of Zoological Nomenclature</em></a>, no other version than the one published by the publisher may be deposited in repositories, personal websites or similar.</p> General News <p>General News</p> A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2020 A. Vives Moreno 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 512 512 Contribution to the knowledge of the Afrotropical Evonima Walker, 1865 generic complex with description of two new genera and two new species (Lepidoptera: Nolidae, Nolinae) <p>The generic assignment of the African taxa of the genus Evonima Walker, 1865 is revised. Based on diagnostic characters of the male genitalia structure, a new genus VansonimaLászló, gen. n. is erected for E. littoralis (van Son, 1933) and E. ruhija Hacker, 2012. A further new genus, LaetonimaLászló, gen. n. is established for two undescribed species reminiscent externally of Evonima, which are also described here as new to science: L. smithi László, sp. n. and L. camerunica László. sp. n. Consequently, E. westafricana Hacker, 2012 is the only known true Evonima species occurring in Africa. The female genitalia of E. westafricana is described and illustrated here for the first time. New distribution records of E. westafricana and V. littoralis abyssinica (Hacker, 2012) are provided together with 14 colour and 9 black and white figures.</p> Gy. M. László Copyright (c) 2020 Gy. M. László 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 389 401 10.57065/shilap.364 Review of the Genus Orygocera Walsingham, 1897 from the Mascarenes with description of a new species (Lepidoptera: Depressariidae, Stenomatinae) <p>The species of the genus Orygocera Walsingham, 1897 in the Mascarene islands are reviewed. One new species Orygocera albanix Bippus, sp. n. is described. One subspecies, Orygocera amphitricha reunionensis Viette, 1991 is found to be a junior synonym of the nominal species Orygocera amphitricha amphitricha (Meyrick, 1910). Hostplants are recorded for one species and larval stages are illustrated for the first time of this genus.</p> M. Bippus Copyright (c) 2020 M. Bippus 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 403 409 10.57065/shilap.377 Preliminary study of the Macroheterocera from the “Sierra María-Los Vélez” Natural Park (Almeria, Spain) (Insecta: Lepidoptera) <p>Seventy species belonging to the families Cossidae, Limacodidae, Lasiocampidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae, Drepanidae, Notodontidae, Nolidae and Erebidae have been recorded from the “Sierra María-Los Vélez” Natural Park (Almeria, Spain). Biogeographically, the Mediterranean elements (65.7%) are dominants, including three Iberian endemisms. The Euriasiatic ones are relatively well represented (17.1%). The phenological strategies of the species are mainly bivoltine (48.6%) and univoltine (45.7%) compared to those of the polyvoltines ones (5.7%). Those species which are documented in the Almeria province for the first time are 20.</p> M. Garre R. M. Rubio J. J. Guerrero A. S. Ortiz Copyright (c) 2020 M. Garre, R. M. Rubio, J. J. Guerrero, A. S. Ortiz 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 411 424 10.57065/shilap.379 Immature stages of Lepidoptera (LX). Nemapogon granella (Linnaeus, 1758) in Barcelona, Spain (Lepidoptera: Tineidae, Nemapogoninae) <p>The Immature stages of Nemapogon granella (Linnaeus, 1758), from Barcelona (Spain), are described and illustrated, as well as a sample of wings patterns, their biological cycle and distribution.</p> M. Huertas-Dionisio Copyright (c) 2020 M. Huertas-Dionisio 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 425 432 10.57065/shilap.370 New species of Zeuzerinae from the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) <p>Present paper contains the description of a new species, Pseudozeuzera caminhai Yakovlev &amp; László, sp. n. collected in São Tomé. The new species’ closest relative is the Equatorial-African species, P. stenlii Yakovlev, 2009, from which it differs in the male genital structure.</p> R. V. Yakovlev Gy. M. László Copyright (c) 2020 R. V. Yakovlev, Gy. M. László 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 433 437 10.57065/shilap.362 First report of Ophiusa disjungens (Walker, 1858) on Acacia mangium Willd. (Fabaceae), and damage and notes of its biology on Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae) commercial plantations in Sumatra, Indonesia (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) <p>Acacia mangium Willd. (Fabaceae), Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. and Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden (Myrtaceae) are largely planted in Sumatra, Indonesia, where they are used as a raw material to produce commodities such as paper, pulp and viscose. Acacia and Eucalyptus are attacked by several species of defoliating Coleoptera and Lepidoptera in Sumatra. The objectives of this study were to report, for the first time, the guava moth, Ophiusa disjungens (Walker, 1858) on A. mangium, and damage and notes of its biology on Eucalyptus commercial plantations in Sumatra. Ophiusa disjungens on six- and seven-month-old A. mangium had an average of three larvae per tree in two commercial stands in Peranap Sector, Riau, Sumatra, on April 2018. The incidence of caterpillars and/or fresh damage (defoliation) of this pest on one-, three- to seven-, nine-, and 10-month old E. pellita and E. grandis ∞ E. pellita ranged 4.0–80.2% within 18 commercial stands in Sei Kebaro Sector, Riau, on April 2020. Caterpillars reared in a laboratory had period from pupa to adult (mean ± SD) of 25.5 ± 4.5 days. Ophiusa disjungens is reported for the first time on A. mangium, and incidence of its caterpillars and/or damage (defoliation) on Eucalyptus is up to 80.2% in Sumatra.</p> A. Raimon A. Laksamana N. G. H. B. Sinulingga I. A. Ferlianda M. N. Samosir S. B. Pane S. K. Kkadan W. de S. Tavares M. Tarigan A. Duran Copyright (c) 2020 A. Raimon, A. Laksamana, N. G. H. B. Sinulingga, I. A. Ferlianda, M. N. Samosir, S. B. Pane, S. K. Kkadan, W. de S. Tavares, M. Tarigan, A. Duran 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 439 447 10.57065/shilap.367 Designation of lectotypes for some Spanish and other western European Melitaea taxa, some with mixed syntypic series of M. phoebe ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) and M. ornata Christoph, 1893 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) <p>Morphological characters of value in distinguishing Melitaea phoebe from M. ornata are exemplified from photographs of specimens from sympatric and partially synchronic populations in North Macedonia and Italy. Subspecies described as belonging to M. phoebe by several authors from specimens taken in Spain and other Western European countries are examined and their identities reviewed. Those which are shown to be subspecies of M. ornata are figured together with identification labels attached to the specimens. Where syntypes have been identified, lectotypes and paralectotypes are designated where appropriate. Some subspecies which are genuinely M. phoebe are commented upon. Eleven syntypes of M. phoebe occitanica are examined and found to comprise both M. phoebe and M. ornata; a phoebe lectotype is designated and its Type Locality is restricted to Barcelona, Spain. Lectotypes are also designated for the names bethunebakeri, ornatiformis, emipunica and punicata. Original identifications predate the separation of these two species and exemplify difficulties previous researchers had in separating them. M. ornata pseudornata is sunk in synomymy with M. ornata bethunebakeri. It is noted that some historic and often worn specimens are extremely difficult to identify with certainty.</p> P. J. C. Russell L. Bartolozzi R. L. Hawkins W. J. Tennent T. Léger Copyright (c) 2020 P. J. C. Russell, L. Bartolozzi, R. L. Hawkins, W. J. Tennent, T. Léger 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 449 472 10.57065/shilap.369 Ceuroma Yakovlev, Naydenov & Penco, gen. n. - new Genus of Neotropical Zeuzerinae (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) The article describes a new genus of Cossidae (Lepidoptera) from South America, Ceuroma Yakovlev, Naydenov & Penco, gen. n. (Type species Cossus mucoreus Herrich-Schäffer, [1853]). The new genus is mostly close to the Neotropical genus Allocryptobia Viette, 1951; a detailed diagnosis is given. The apomorphic feature of the new genus is the presence of two small clasper or harpe in the middle third on the abdominal edge of the valve. The distribution map is provided and 12 figures. R. V. Yakovlev A. E. Naydenov F. C. Penco Copyright (c) 2020 R. V. Yakovlev, A. E. Naydenov, F. C. Penco 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 473 479 10.57065/shilap.375 Description of Pima karatauensis Tsvetkov, sp. n. from Kazakhstan (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae, Phycitinae) Pima karatauensis Tsvetkov, sp. n. is described from Turkestan Province of Kazakhstan. Male and female genitalia of this species and also habitus of imago are illustrated. The description is based on material collected by the author in Karatau Mts. in 2019. E. V. Tsvetkov Copyright (c) 2020 E. V. Tsvetkov 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 481 485 10.57065/shilap.372 New data on Tineidae and Meessiidae from the Canary Islands, Spain (Lepidoptera: Tineoidea) <p>The list of Tineidae and Meessiidae from the Canary Islands is updated. Two species are described: Rhodobates carsteni Falck, Gaedike &amp; Vives, sp. n. (Spain: Lanzarote) and Tinea laurisilvaella Falck, Gaedike &amp; Vives, sp. n. (Spain: La Gomera, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Portugal: Madeira). The female genitalia of Infurcitinea canaricola Gaedike, 2019 (Spain: La Palma) is described, hitherto only known from one male. Two species are recorded for the first time from the Canary Islands: Nemapogon variatella (Clemens, 1860) (Tenerife) and Elatobia fuliginosella (Lienig &amp; Zeller, 1846) (Tenerife) and one species Tinea trinotella Thunberg, 1794 is removed from the list. Adults and genitalia of the new species and I. canaricola are illustrated. The taxonomic results are supported by DNA barcodes from sequencing of the 658 bp fragment of the mitochondrial COI gene.</p> P. Falck R. Gaedike A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2020 P. Falck, R. Gaedike, A. Vives Moreno 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 487 497 10.57065/shilap.365 Three new species of the genus Psychonoctua Grote, 1865 from Argentina and the Caribbean Islands (Lepidoptera: Cossidae, Zeuzerinae) <p>The paper describes three new species, Psychonoctua cracens Yakovlev, Penco &amp; Naydenov, sp. n. (type locality-Cayman), P. ravida Yakovlev, Penco &amp; Naydenov, sp. n. (type locality-Barbados), and P. diiorioi Yakovlev, Penco &amp; Naydenov, sp. n. (type locality-NW Argentina), with nine figures.</p> R. V. Yakovlev F. C. Penco A. E. Naydenov Copyright (c) 2020 R. V. Yakovlev, F. C. Penco, A. E. Naydenov 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 499 505 10.57065/shilap.363 Scopula villumi Falck & Hausmann, sp. n. from Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Sterrhinae) <p>Scopula villumi Falck &amp; Hausmann, sp. n. is described, based on specimens from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Adults, male and female genitalia are figured. DNA barcodes (COI) are analyzed. A differential analysis from the closest related species, Scopula rufomixtaria (Graslin, 1863), and from the Canary Island congener S. asellaria (Herrich-Schäffer, 1847) is given.</p> P. Falck A. Hausmann Copyright (c) 2020 P. Falck, A. Hausmann 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 507 511 10.57065/shilap.359 On the biology, ecology and early stages of Rhagades (Wiegelia) predotae (Naufock, 1930) (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae, Procridinae) <p>The full life-cycle of Rhagades (Wiegelia) predotae (Naufock, 1930) is described for the first time. The DNA- barcode of this species is provided. Prunus ramburii Boiss. as the larval host-plant is mentioned.</p> K. A. Efetov G. M. Tarmann Copyright (c) 2020 K. A. Efetov, G. M. Tarmann 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 513 524 10.57065/shilap.368 A new species of the genus Tridrepana Swinhoe, 1895 from the Samar, Leyte and Panay Islands (Philippines) (Lepidoptera: Drepanidae, Drepaninae) <p>It is described Tridrepana yazakii Expósito, sp. n., with exemplars from the Samar, Leyte and Panay Islands (Philippines). Images of the adult and genitalia of the male are provided. Differential analysis with respect to the relatively close specie Tridrepana spatulata Watson, 1957, is offered.</p> A. Expósito-Hermosa Copyright (c) 2020 A. Expósito-Hermosa 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 525 528 10.57065/shilap.366 New records to Geometridae and Noctuoidea moth fauna from the “Sierra del Taibilla” and the “Sierra de las Cabras” Natural Reserve (Albacete-Murcia, Spain) (Insecta: Lepidoptera) <p>The catalog of the Geometridae and Noctuoidea moth from the “Sierra del Taibilla” and the Natural Reserve of the “Sierra de las Cabras” (Albacete-Murcia, Spain) is updated. Eighty-four new records are added among Geometridae (47 species), Euteliidae (1), Notodontidae (1), Erebidae (13), Nolidae (5) and Noctuidae (17). Deletion and reidentification of certain taxa that increase the faunistic catalog are discussed increasing the number of species up to 207 in the family Geometridae and up to 329 species in the Superfamily Noctuoidea. New records are given of the endemic species Charissa assoi (Redondo &amp; Gastón, 1997), Idaea alicantaria (Reisser, 1963), Idaea dromikos Hausmann, 2004, Scopula concinnaria (Duponchel, 1842), Colostygia hilariata (Pinker, 1954) and Hadena exspectata Hacker, 1996. Likewise, eighteen species are new records for the province of Albacete and four for the Murcia Region.</p> J. J. Guerrero R. M. Rubio M. Garre A. S. Ortiz Copyright (c) 2020 J. J. Guerrero, R. M. Rubio, M. Garre, A. S. Ortiz 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 529 544 10.57065/shilap.373 Description of four new species and other records of interest for the Lepidoptera fauna of Spain (Insecta: Lepidoptera) <p>Four new species discovered in Spain are described: Agnoea (Agnoea) revillai Gastón &amp; Vives, sp. n., Symmoca requenai Gastón &amp; Vives, sp. n., Symmoca redondoi Gastón &amp; Vives, sp. n. and Megacraspedus carolustertius Gastón &amp; Vives, sp. n. A taxonomic change is introduced with Symmoca degregorioi Requena, 2007 which is a new synonymy of Symmoca nigromaculella Ragonot, 1875. Symmoca revoluta Gozmány, 1985 is cited for the first time for Spain. The species Mirificarma scissella (Chrétien, 1915) is also cited for the first time for Spain and Europe. Females of Agnoea (Agnoea) xanthosoma (Rebel, 1900) and Symmoca senora Gozmány, 1977 are described. Photographs of the adults and genitalia are present.</p> J. Gastón A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2020 J. Gastón, A. Vives Moreno 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 545 564 10.57065/shilap.376 First external description of the female of Stygioides italica Mazzei & Yakovlev, 2016 (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) The female of Stygioides italica Mazzei & Yakovlev, 2016 is described for the first time. M. Pinzari M. Pinzari Copyright (c) 2020 M. Pinzari, M. Pinzari 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 565 568 10.57065/shilap.374 The Brazilian species of the genus Eustema Schaus, 1901, with description of a new genus and species (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae, Heterocampinae) <p>Three species of Eustema Schaus, 1901 are recorded for Brazil: E. argentata Becker, sp. n., E. dara (Druce, 1894) and E. opaca Schaus, 1921; E. rapana Jones, 1908, originally assigned to the genus, is not congeneric with the other species; a new genus is proposed, Rapanodonta Becker, gen. n., to include it. Eustema sericea Schaus, 1910, is a new synonymy of E. dara (Druce, 1894). The larvae of E. dara and E. opaca feed on the leaves of Roupala montana and Grevillea sp. (Proteaceae).</p> Vitor O. Becker Copyright (c) 2020 Vitor O. Becker 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 569 576 10.57065/shilap.380 W. Back Guide to the Butterflies of the Palaearctic Region: Pieridae IV <p>Book Reviews</p> A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2020 A. Vives Moreno 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 402 402 M. S. Moulds, J. P. Tuttle & D. A. Lane Hawkmoths of Australia. Identification, Biology and Distribution A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2020 SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 410 410 H. H. Hacker Moths of Africa. Systematic and Illustrated Catalogue of the Heterocera of Africa. Volume 1. Biogeography Boletobiinae (Erebinae) <p>Book Reviews</p> A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2020 A. Vives Moreno 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 438 438 Z. Varga, G. Ronkay, P. Gyulai, A. Kiss & L. Ronkay A Taxonomic Atlas of the Eurasian and North African Noctuoidea. Noctuinae III. Poliina <p>Book Reviews</p> A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2020 A. Vives Moreno 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 48 191 448 448