SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología https://shilap.org/revista <p><strong>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</strong> is an international journal which has been published by the Sociedad Hispano-Luso-Americana de Lepidopterología since 1973. It includes empirical and theoretical research in all aspects of Lepidopterology (Systematic, Taxonomy, Phylogeny, Morphology, Bionomics, Ecology, Faunistics and Zoogeography, also bibliographical papers or those on the history of Lepidopterology, as well as book reviews on the topics mentioned) from all over the world with special emphasis of study of Conservation Biology.</p> SOCIEDAD HISPANO-LUSO-AMERICANA DE LEPIDOPTEROLOGIA en-US SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología 0300-5267 <p>The author retains his trademark and patent rights to any process or procedure within the article.</p> <p>The author retains the right to share, distribute, perform and publicly communicate the article published in <em>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</em>, with initial acknowledgement of its publication in <em>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</em>.</p> <p>The author retains the right to make a subsequent publication of his work, from using the article to publishing it in a book, provided that he indicates its initial publication in <em>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</em>.</p> <p>Each submission to <em>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</em> must be accompanied by an acceptance of copyright and acknowledgement of authorship. By accepting them, authors retain copyright of their work and agree that the article, if accepted for publication by <em>SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología</em>, will be licensed for use and distribution under a "<strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</strong>" (CC BY 4.0) licence that allows third parties to share and adapt the content for any purpose giving appropriate credit to the original work.</p> <p> You may read here the <strong><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">basic information</a></strong> and the <strong><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode" target="_blank" rel="noopener">legal text</a></strong> of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.</p> <p>As of <strong>2022</strong>, the content of the print and digital version is licensed under a "<strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</strong>" (CC BY 4.0), licence that allows third parties to share and adapt the content for any purpose giving appropriate credit to the original work.</p> <p>Previous content in the journal was published under a traditional copyright licence; however, the archive is available for free access.</p> <p>When using previously published content, including figures, tables or any other material in print or electronic format, authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder. Legal, financial and criminal liabilities in this respect belong to the author(s).</p> <p>In application of the <strong>Principle of Priority</strong> of the <a href="https://www.iczn.org/the-code/the-code-online/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>International Code of Zoological Nomenclature</em></a>, no other version than the one published by the publisher may be deposited in repositories, personal websites or similar.</p> L. Hiernaux, P. Pereira, A. Hurtado & J. Fernández Catálogo y atlas de los Ropalóceros del Parque Nacional de Cabañeros https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/878 <p>Book Review</p> A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2017 A. Vives Moreno https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 580 580 C. Flamigni, G. Fiumi & P. Parenzan Lepidoptteri Eteroceri d’Italia. Geometridae Ennominae II https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/880 <p>Book Reviews</p> A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2017 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 588 588 D. J. Wright & T. M. Gilligan Pelochrista Lederer of the Contiguous United States and Canada (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Eucosmini) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/883 <p>Book Reviews</p> A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2017 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 608 608 V. V. Tshikolovets Butterflies of Eastern Europe, Urals and Caucasus. An illustrated guide https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/887 <p>Books Reviews</p> A. Vives Moreno Copyright (c) 2017 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 638 638 Parsimony analysis of butterflies communities in the Dominican Republic: assessing relationships among butterflies assemblages (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/871 <p>Following researches carried out for a period of seven years on two far-away localities in the Dominican Republic, a hypothesis of relationships among some butterflies communities was made. A data matrix of 132 taxa has been compiled coding the presence / absence of the taxa in the sample sites and areas investigated. The data matrix was run with a cladistic method and a single most parsimonious tree was obtained. The hierarchical relationships among the butterflies communities were discussed in the light of various hypotheses.</p> T. Racheli E. Stefanelli L. Racheli Copyright (c) 2017 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 533 549 10.57065/shilap.871 Contribution to the Erebidae of Jordan (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/873 <p>The Erebidae of Jordan were collected by fixed UV light traps from localities representing the main ecological zones of Jordan. The duration of the traps ranged from several weeks to more than 2 years for some locations. The traps were placed in Dibeen Nature Reserve (North Jordan), Al Shoumari Nature Reserve (Eastern Desert), Dana Nature Reserve (South Jordan). Traps were also placed in two University of Jordan farms in the Central Jordan Valley and one near Amman in the high lands. Some traps were placed in or near private farms or gardens. Specimens of Erebidae collected previously from Jordan and deposited in the University of Jordan Insect Museum (UJIM) were examined. As a result of this research, a large collection for the members of this family was established in the UJIM, which is the largest collection in the country so far. A total of 20 species in 12 genera were recorded from the different parts of Jordan. <em>Catocala separata</em> (Freyer, 1848) and <em>Autophila ligaminosa</em> (Eversmann, 1851) are new to Jordan. The data contributed to our knowledge of the spatial and temporal distribution of the Jordanian Erebidae. Available biological, ecological, distributional or zoogeographical data are given.</p> A. Katbeh-Bader Copyright (c) 2017 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-15 2024-06-15 45 180 551 559 10.57065/shilap.873 Elusive Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758) larvae: habitat selection, sex determination and sex ratio (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/876 <p>The charismatic and regionally declining <em>Parnassius mnemosyne</em> (Linnaeus, 1758) is notable for surpluses of males in mark-recapture studies, as well as for poor detectability of its larvae, which develop on spring ephemeral plants, Corydalis spp. In order to study whether the bias towards male exists already in larval stage, we searched for the larvae at three localities in the Czech Republic and attempted to sex the larvae using two alternative methods: (i) by identification of the female specific sex chromatin formed by multiple copies of the W chromosome in polyploid somatic nuclei of the Malpighian tubule cells and (ii) by dissection of ovaries and testes. Finding the larvae in the field was extremely difficult, and 38 person-days of fieldwork yielded only 78 larvae. Consistent with the literature, they dwelled under sparse canopy of oak dominated mature woodlands or on woodland margins. Sexing by genitalia dissection worked well (N = 22) and revealed a prevalence of females (16 vs. 6). In contrast, the identification of sex chromatin was not possible as sex chromatin was absent (N = 56). Further cytogenetic analysis confirmed the haploid number of chromosomes n = 29, which is by one smaller than in the congeneric <em>Parnassius apollo</em> (Linnaeus, 1758). This reduction of chromosome number is probably the result of a fusion of sex chromosomes with a pair of autosomes, a situation not uncommon in Lepidoptera. The female-biased larval sex ratio, contrasting with male biases found so often in adults, is based on just 22 genitally dissected larvae, and may be biased by faster growth rate of males.</p> P. Vlasánek A. Bartonová F. Marec M. Konvicka Copyright (c) 2017 P. Vlasánek, A. Bartonová, F. Marec, M. Konvicka https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 561 569 10.57065/shilap.876 Immature stages of Lepidoptera (LV). Neofriseria hitadoella Karsholt & Vives, 2014 and Recurvaria costimaculella Huemar & Karsholt, 2001 in Huelva, Spain (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/877 <p>The inmature stages of two species of the family Gelechiidae Stainton, 1854: <em>Neofriseria hitadoella</em> Karsholt &amp; Vives, 2014 and <em>Recurvaria costimaculella</em> Huemer &amp; Karsholt, 2001, from Huelva, Spain as well as their biological cycle, food plants and distribution are described and illustrated.</p> M. Huertas-Dionisio Copyright (c) 2017 M. Huertas-Dionisio https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 571 579 10.57065/shilap.877 Thibetana keili Efetov & Tarmann, a new species of the genus Thibetana Efetov & Tarmann, 1995, from Tibet (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae, Procridinae, Artonini) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/879 <p>A new species, <em>Thibetana keili</em> Efetov &amp; Tarmann, sp. n., is described from Tibet (China). The characters of this species are compared with those of <em>Artona postalba</em> Elwes, 1890 (from Sikkim, India). The latter species is transferred here from <em>Artona</em> Walker, 1854, to <em>Thibetana</em> Efetov &amp; Tarmann, 1995: <em>Thibetana postalba</em> (Elwes, 1890), comb. n. Moreover, also <em>Artona zebra</em> Elwes, 1890 (from Sikkim, India) is here transferred from <em>Artona</em> to <em>Thibetana</em>: <em>Thibetana zebra</em> (Elwes, 1890), comb. n.</p> K. A. Efetov G. M. Tarmann Copyright (c) 2017 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 581 587 10.57065/shilap.879 Meharia Chrétien, 1915 - new genus in Zimbabwean Fauna (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/881 <p>The article gives a new indication on the species of the genus rare for the territory of Africa, <em>Meharia</em> Chrétien, 1915. <em>Meharia ganslmeieri</em> Yakovlev &amp; Witt, 2015 is indicated for the first time for the fauna of Zimbabwe, which significantly extends the habitat of the genus to the South.</p> R. V. Yakovlev Th. J. Witt Copyright (c) 2017 R. V. Yakovlev, Th. J. Witt https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 589 591 10.57065/shilap.881 Contribution to the knowledge of the family Geometridae from Natural Park of Sierra de los Ancares (Lugo, Spain) (Insecta: Lepidoptera) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/882 <p>One hundred and seven new geometrid moth records belonging to family Geometridae are added to the<br />Lepidoptera checklist of the Natural Park of Sierra de los Ancares distributed into the different subfamilies:<br />Ennominae (43), Geometrinae (5), Sterrhinae (18) and Larentiinae (41). Biogeographically, the Euroasiatic elements (50.5%) are corologically the most important reaching 65.4% of wide ranging elements if the Holarctic (6.5%) and Palearctic species (8.4%) are added. Thirty-four new taxa are documented for the first time in the study area, and among all the species cited, we wish to highlight the Iberian endemisms (5.6%) <em>Nychiodes andalusiaria</em> Staudinger, 1892, <em>Charissa predotae</em> (Schawerda, 1929), <em>Dyscia distinctaria</em> (A. Bang-Haas, 1910), <em>Idaea joannisiata</em><br />(Homberg, 1911), <em>Perconia baeticaria</em> (Staudinger, 1871) and <em>Entephria caeruleata</em> (Guenée, 1858).</p> A. S. Ortiz R. M. Rubio M. Garre J. J. Guerrero Copyright (c) 2017 A. S. Ortiz, R. M. Rubio, M. Garre, J. J. Guerrero https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 593 607 10.57065/shilap.882 Review of the biogeographical distribution, feeding, ecological patterns and conservation status of Graellsia isabelae (Graells, 1849) in the province of Cuenca, Spain (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/884 <p>In this study, the chorological distribution of <em>Graellsia isabelae</em> in province of Cuenca has been extended to thirteen new 10 X 10 Km UTM squares. The presence in squares where it was previously recorded has been corroborated. On the other hand, a potential distribution map has been created showing that it may be found in practically all of the Serranía de Cuenca area and also in some squares of the Alcarria region, where its host plants (<em>Pinus sylvestris</em> L. y <em>Pinus nigra</em> J. F. Arnold) are found. In addition, captive breeding was carried out on two types of pine, showing new data of feeding and breeding. Finally, according to the current distribution of this species in the Protected Natural Areas of the province (six areas in total) as well as in the Natura Network 2000 (four areas in total) has been demonstrated according to present distribution.</p> P. Sánchez-Fernández J. I. De Arce Crespo Copyright (c) 2017 P. Sánchez-Fernández, J. I. De Arce Crespo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 609 623 10.57065/shilap.884 The year-round phenology of Macroglossum stellatarum (Linnaeus, 1758) at a Mediterranean area of South of Spain (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/885 <p><em>Macroglossum stellatarum</em> (Linnaeus, 1758) is a common moth species found in the Palearctic region. However little is known about their year-round phenology at southern areas of their distribution range. Here I present data on the year-round phenology of imagos recorded at three sites located at Cádiz area (South of Spain) during three years (2014-2016). All the plots were located at lowland sites (&lt;80 m altitude) with a mild Mediterranean-type climate due to the seashore influence. Overall, a total of 206 imagos were recorded on 1307.3 km of BMS transects. Abundance was 0.09 moths/km (data of all sites and years pooled) and varied greatly<br>among sites and years. The species was recorded all year round and exhibited three peaks of abundance (one late in the winter between February and March, in May and July) suggesting that the species is trivoltine in the study area. Abundance was however higher in May and July. The year-round phenology varied greatly both among study plots and also among years for the same study plot. Available data suggest that this species is an obligate day-active species in the study area. Despite the species seems to have a residence status in the area, the possibility that some imagos could have been recorded during their migratory movements in their Palearctic route remain open.<br><br></p> M. Cuadrado Copyright (c) 2017 M. Cuadrado https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 625 633 10.57065/shilap.885 First record of Thumata senex (Hübner, [1808]) for Galicia (Spain) Lepidoptera: Erebidae, Arctiinae, Lithosiini) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/886 <p>First record of <em>Thumata senex</em> (Hübner, [1808]) for Galicia (Spain). We describe the vegetation on which it was found.</p> J. J. Pino-Pérez A. Martínez-Fernández R. Pino-Pérez Copyright (c) 2017 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 635 637 10.57065/shilap.886 The Anti-Lebanon ridge as the edge of the distribution range for Euro-Siberian and Irano-Turanian faunistic elements in the Mediterranean biome: A case study (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/888 <p>The Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ridges are located in the middle of a narrow “Mediterranean ecozone” corridor stretching along the Levantine coast. Both ridges are high enough to feature a complete range of altitude zones, which includes an alpine tragacanth belt (&gt; 2000 m a.s.l.). The southernmost part of the Anti-Lebanon ridge is situated in the northernmost part of Israel. Among the 548 Israeli Noctuidae species, 106 species (21%) occur only in this small mountainous area. Among them, 17 are endemic and the populations of the remaining 89 species are at the edge of their distribution range. Montane forest acts as the southernmost shelter for Euro-Siberian and Mediterranean arboreal Noctuidae fauna. The higher altitudes host Mediterranean and Irano-Turanian oromontane species with a few lowland Euro-Siberian species. The alpine faunas of the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ridges are similar, although the Anti-Lebanon ridge, being in the shadow of the Lebanon ridge, receives significantly less precipitation. Nonetheless, it features a Mediterranean biome on its western slopes, while its eastern slopes, facing the Syrian steppe, feature mainly Irano-Turanian fauna. Constituting a border between the Mediterranean and Irano-Turanian faunas, the higher elevations of this ridge present a meeting point of the alpine and xeromontane Noctuidae, making it exceptionally species-rich.</p> V. D. Kravchenko A.-L.-L. Friedman G. C. Müller Copyright (c) 2017 V. D. Kravchenko, A.-L.-L. Friedman, G. C. Müller https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 639 650 10.57065/shilap.888 On Three Species of Genus Eupterote Hübner, [1820] from Chhattisgarh, with a Consolidated Species List of the Genus from India (Lepidoptera: Eupterotidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/890 <p>Morphology including genitalia of three species of genus <em>Eupterote</em> Hübner, [1820] viz.<em> E. bifasciata</em> Kishida, 1994, <em>E. mollifera</em> (Walker, 1865) and <em>E. undata</em> Blanchard, [1844] collected from Chhattisgarh, India are discussed here for first time with illustrated images. Among these three species, <em>E. bifasciata</em> and <em>E. mollifera</em> are newly recorded from the Central Indian Landscape. An updated list of 14 Indian species of genus <em>Eupterote</em> with their distribution is also provided. Six <em>E. undata</em> morphs with their images are illustrated here for first time. With the present record of <em>E.</em><br /><em>bifasciata</em>, we extend its distribution range significantly to the south in more or less plain habitat of the Deccan Peninsular biogeographic zone and confirm its occurrence in India.</p> A. Raha A. Majunder A. K. Sanyal K. Chandra Copyright (c) 2017 A. Raha, A. Majunder, A. K. Sanyal, K. Chandra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 651 663 10.57065/shilap.890 Redescription of the Genus Paralophonotus Schoorl, 1990 based on the morphology of male genitalia (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/891 <p>Based on the study of male genitalia and external habitus of <em>Zeuzera auroguttata</em> Herrich-Schäffer, 1854, type species of the genus <em>Paralophonotus</em> Schoorl, 1990, the genus <em>Paralophonotus</em> is redescribed</p> R. V. Yakovlev T. J. Witt Copyright (c) 2017 R. V. Yakovlev, T. J. Witt https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 665 668 10.57065/shilap.891 A new species of Lacanobia Billberg, 1820 from Turkmenistan (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/892 <p>A new species of<em> Lacanobia</em> Billberg, 1820,<em> L. (Lacanobia) dubatolovi</em> Volynkin, sp. n. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) is described from the West Kopetdagh Mountains, Turkmenistan. A diagnostic comparison is made with <em>L. w-latinum</em> (Hufnagel, 1766) and <em>L. w-latinoides</em> Gyulai &amp; Ronkay, 1998. Imagines and male genitalia of the new and related species are illustrated.</p> A. V. Volynki Copyright (c) 2017 A. V. Volynki https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 669 672 10.57065/shilap.892 Geometridae from the Natural Park of Somiedo (Asturias, Spain) (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/893 <p>The Geometridae moth fauna of the Natural Park of Somiedo (Asturias, Spain) includes 93 species belonging to subfamilies Ennominae (27), Geometrinae (2), Sterrhinae (13) and Larentiinae (51). Biogeographically, the Euroasiatic elements (48.4%) are corologically the most important, reaching 65.6% of wide-range elements if Holarctic (9.7%) and Palearctic species (7.5) are added. Among those taxa which are documented in the study area for the first time, Iberian endemisms (which make up 3.2% of the total) such as <em>Charissa predotae</em> (Schawerda, 1929), <em>Perconia baeticaria</em> (Staudinger, 1871) and <em>Xanthorhoe iberica</em> (Staudinger, 1901) are highlighted. In addition, other interesting species are those that were known only from the Pyrenees such as <em>Horisme calligraphata</em> (Herrich-Schäffer, 1839), <em>Eupithecia tripunctaria</em> Herrich-Schaffer, 1852 and<em> E. veratraria</em> Herrich-Schäffer, 1848, or from other isolated localities in the Iberian Peninsula like <em>Eupithecia graphata</em> (Treitschke, 1828) and <em>Eupithecia intricata</em> (Zetterstedt, 1839).</p> A. S. Ortiz R. M. Rubio M. Garre J. J. Guerrero Copyright (c) 2017 A. S. Ortiz, R. M. Rubio, M. Garre, J. J. Guerrero https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 673 688 10.57065/shilap.893 Description of three new species of the family Tortricidae in the Iberian Península (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) https://shilap.org/revista/article/view/894 <p>Three new species in Spain; <em>Cnephasia josebai</em> Gastón, Vives &amp; Revilla, sp. n., <em>Clepsis razowskii</em> Gastón, Vives &amp; Revilla, sp. n. and <em>Pelochrista trematerrai</em> Gastón, Vives &amp; Revilla, sp. n., are described. Differences between similar species in the Cnephasia Curtis, 1826 and <em>Clepsis</em> Guenée, 1845 genus, are analyzed. The distribution of <em>Clepsis neglectana</em> (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851) in the Iberian Peninsula is being reviewed.</p> J. Gastón A. Vives Moreno Tx. Revilla Copyright (c) 2017 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2017-12-30 2017-12-30 45 180 689 698 10.57065/shilap.894