The northern distribution limit of Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle, 1809) in Albania: results obtained by sex pheromone traps (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae, Procridinae)




Lepidoptera, Zygaenidae, Procridinae, Theresimima, autochthonous grapevine, monitoring, (2R)-butyl (7Z)-tetradecenoate, Albania


Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle, 1809) (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae, Procridinae), occurs as a partly harmful species in vineyards in the Mediterranean region, where it has the proper conditions for larvae development, including the host plants and hilly relief. In 2017, has been registered as a new country record in the vineyards of the western lowland in Albania on the base of a large-scale study using traps baited with the synthetic sex pheromone of Th. ampellophaga females or the sex attractant EFETOV-2. The further field works in 2018 and 2019 using sex pheromone traps aimed to establish in new localities in Albania and determine the northern distribution limit of Th. ampellophaga in this country. In 2019, low numbers males were captured in three vineyards in Apolloni, Radostinë (district of Fier) and Dukat i Ri (district of Vlorë), southern Albania in the first half of July, all from the first generation. As a preliminary result, the northern distribution limit in Albania is reported.


Download data is not yet available.


Altermatt, F. (2010). Climatic warming increases voltinism in European butterflies and moths. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 277, 1281-1287. DOI:

Anastasova, K., & Georgieva, A. (1975). [A new pest of grape-vine]. Rastitelna Zashtita, 3, 31-33. (In Bulgarian).

Can, F., Demirel, N., Sag˘irog˘lu, E., Toshova, T., & Subchev, M. (2010). Employing pheromone traps to establish the distribution and seasonal activity of Theresimima ampellophaga in Turkey. Phytoparasitica, 38, 217-222. DOI:

Can, F., Ularli, B., Karaçetin, E., & Akar, S. (2022). Contribution to the knowledge of the Zygaenidae (Lepidoptera) of Türkiye. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences, Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insects, 23, 53-64.

Can Cengiz, F., Efetov, K. A., Kaya, K., Kucherenko, E. E., Okyar, Z., & Tarmann, G. M. (2018). Zygaenidae (Lepidoptera) of Thrace Region of Turkey. Nota lepidopterologica, 41(1), 23-36. DOI:

Can-Cengiz, F., Özsemerci, F., Karsavuran, Y., & Subchev, M. A. (2012). Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle, 1808) in the Aegean region of Turkey (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae, Procridinae). In G. M. Tarmann, W. G. Tremewan & M. R. Young (eds). Abstracts of XIII International Symposium on Zygaenidae (Innsbruck, Tirol, Austria, 16-23 September 2012), 11. Innsbrucker Lepidopterologenspräch (p. 3). Innsbruck.

Chireceanu, C., Bosoi, M., Podrumar, T., Ghica, M., Teodoru, A., Chiriloaie-Palade, A., & Zaharia, R. (2020). Invasive Insect Species Detected on Grapevines in Romania during 2016-2019 and First Record of Erasmoneura vulnerata (Fitch, 1851) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 72(4), 649-659. DOI:

Dominici, M., & Pucci, C. (1987). Pruebas de lucha contra la Theresimima ampelphaga BayleBarelle (Lepidoptera, Zygaenidae) en Umbria (ltalia Central). Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal. Plagas, 13, 93-97.

Efetov, K. A., Parshkova, E. V., Baevsky, M. Y., & Poddubov, A. I. (2014). Sec-butyl ester of dodecenoate: synthesis and attractive properties. Ukrainskyi biokhimichnyi Zhurnal, 86(6), 175-182. DOI:

Efetov, K. A., Tarmann, G. M., & Gorbunov, O. G. (2023). On the date of original description and the type locality of Zygaena ampellophaga (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae: Procridinae). Zoosystematica Rossica, 32(1), 43-49. DOI:

Gixhari, B., & Ramadani M. (2016). Agrobiodiversiteti në Fushë Arrëz. [Agrobiodiversity in Fushë Arrëz ]. Monografi. Botimet Barleti (Barleti Publications). (In Albanian).

Kullaj, E., Bacu, A., Thomaj, F., Fiku, H., & Argyrio, A. (2015). Albanian grapevine cultivars: preliminary results of molecular, phenolic and ampelometric profiles and relatedness. Vitis, 54(Special Issue), 111-113.

Marchioro, C. A., Sampaio, F., & da Silva Krechemer, F. (2021). Spatio-temporal variation in voltinism of insect pests: sensitivity to location and temperature anomalies. Neotropical Entomology, 50, 208-217. DOI:

May, B., & Tarmann, G. M. (2020). Notes on Zygaenidae from the Greek island of Samos (Lepidoptera). Entomologist’s Gazette, 71(4), 287-291. DOI:

Mumun, N., Atanasova, D., & Toshova, T. (2018). Seasonal monitoring of the vine bud moths Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle, 1808) by pheromone traps in the region of Kardzhali. Scientific Works, Agricultural University - Plovdiv, 61(1), 73-79.

Nahirnic-Beshkova, A., Beshkov, S., Kucherenko, E. E., & Efetov, K. A. (2021a). Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle, 1808) rediscovered in the Republic of North Macedonia by using sex attractant traps (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae). SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología, 49(193), 161-170. DOI:

Nahirnic-Beshkova, A., Toshova, T. B., & Beshkov, S. (2021b). New Data for the Zygaenidae (Lepidoptera) from the Sakar Mountain, Bulgaria. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 73(2), 201-205.

Numata, H., & Shintani, Y. (2023). Diapause in Univoltine and Semivoltine Life Cycles. Annual Review of Entomology, 68, 257-276. DOI:

Pucci, C., & Dominici, M. (1986). Biological notes and cyclical outbreaks of Theresimima ampelophaga Bayle-Barelle (Lep., Zygaenidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 101(1-5), 479-491. DOI:

Subchev, M., Harizanov, A., Francke, W., Franke, S., Plass, E., Reckziegel, A., Schröder, F., Pickett, J. A., Wadhams, L. J., & Woodcock, C. M. (1998), erratum (1999). Sex pheromone of female vine bud moth, Theresimima ampellophaga comprises (2S)-butyl (7Z)-tetradecenoate. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 24(7): 1141-1151; 25(5), 1203; i.e., corrected to (2R)-butyl (7Z)-tetradecenoate. DOI:

Subchev, M., Toshova, T., Tsitsipis, J., & Margaritopoulos, J. T. (2006). Distribution and seasonal flight of Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle, 1808) in Greece estimated by pheromone traps. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 58, 345-354.

Talhouk, A. M. S. (1969). Insects and mites injurious to crops in Middle Eastern countries. Verlag Paul Parey.

Tarmann, G. M. (1998). Die Weinzygaene Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle 1808) (Lepidoptera, Zygaenidae, Procridinae) Kehrt ein verschwundener Weinschädling zurück? Stapfia, 55, 57-84.

Tarmann, G. M., Efetov, K. A., & Kucherenko, E. E. (2019). A second generation of Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle, 1808) (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae, Procridinae) discovered by using the sex attractant EFETOV-2 on the Kassandra peninsula (Halkidiki) in Greece. Entomologist’s Gazette, 70, 19-26. DOI:

Toshova, T., & Subchev, M. (2002). Seasonal monitoring of the vine bud moth Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle) (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae) by pheromone traps. Acta entomologica bulgarica, 1-2, 5-9. (in Bulgarian; English summary).

Toshova, T. B., Atanasova, D., Stalev, B., & Nahirnic, A. (2017). New data on the distribution and seasonal flight of the vine bud moth Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle, 1808) in Bulgaria - Investigations by Pheromone-Baited Traps. Ecologia Balkanica, 9, 79-89.

Voigt, E., Mikulás, J., Subchev, M., & Tóth, M. (2000). Flight phenology of Theresimina ampelophaga (Bayle-Barelle) (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae) based on pheromone trap catches: contributions to the occurrence of the pest in Hungary. IOBC WPRS Bulletin, 23(4), 167-170.

Vrenozi, B., Toshova, T. B., Efetov, K. A., Kucherenko, E. E., Rredhi, A., & Tarmann, G. M. (2019). The first welldocumented record of the vine bud moth Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle, 1808) in Albania established by field screening of sex pheromone and sex attractant traps (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae, Procridinae). SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología, 47(187), 567-576. DOI:




How to Cite

Vrenozi, B., & Toshova, T. B. (2024). The northern distribution limit of Theresimima ampellophaga (Bayle-Barelle, 1809) in Albania: results obtained by sex pheromone traps (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae, Procridinae). SHILAP Revista De lepidopterología, 52(206), 309–315.